IOP Institute of Physics

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Your future with physics: Career directions

Physics graduates have a wealth of career opportunities open to them – so much so that it can get a little confusing. So whether you already have a physics degree or are just thinking about studying the subject at university, you’ll want to take some time to sift through your long-term options and decide what would suit you best.

To help you, we’ve researched the job sectors that might appeal, with links to further information if you’re interested. For some, you may need further qualifications or a higher degree, so we’ve included a brief guide to the many Master’s and PhD courses out there.

If you want more information, visit which lists popular career choices for physicists plus options for research and further degrees. You can also visit Prospects, a comprehensive careers guidance site, and Inside Careers for more tips and ideas on looking for a job. 

Related information

Physics Lives

The Physics Lives films focus on four university research physicists and what they do in their working lives

Other IOP websites

Jobs for physicists in a wide range of academic and industrial sectors