- 1882 The first commercial hydroelectric powerplant in the world opens, on the Fox River in Wisconsin, USA
- 1870 Birth of Jean Baptiste Perrin, who explained the Sun’s energy in terms of fusion and who was awarded the 1926 Nobel Prize for his experimental confirmation of Albert Einstein’s explanation of Brownian motion as being due to matter being composed of atoms
- 1882 Birth of Hans Geiger, inventor of the Geiger counter and known for his experiment, along with Ernest Marsden and under the supervision of Ernest Rutherford, that discovered the atomic nucleus
- 1905 Birth of Nevill Francis Mott, awarded a share of the 1977 Nobel Prize for work on amorphous semiconductors
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