Marvin & Milo

Polar opposites

Polar opposites

 

What you need:

Transparent sticky tape

Piece of clear plastic

Two “polarisers” – pieces of polarising plastic (or two old sunglass lenses)

A bright lamp

 

Instructions

View the lamp through two polarisers at once. Rotate one of them until you can block the light.

Now stick strips of tape on the clear plastic, criss-crossing them. Sandwich the plastic between the two polarisers.

Look at the lamp through the “sandwich”. Rotate the polariser closest to you – you should see a kaleidoscope of coloured patterns.

 

Results & explanation

Light travels in one direction but vibrates at right-angles to this – sideways and up and down. Polarisers let only the horizontal or vertical part through, so you can combine them to block light.

In the “sandwich” the stretched tape slows down and rotates the polarised light, shifting the different wavelengths (ie colours) of light by different angles. As these hit the second polariser, different wavelengths get through as you rotate it, making coloured patterns.

 

See previous cartoons


Unbalanced balloons 

Unsliced ice

Free fluid

Heavy atmosphere

Dogged drifter

Remote detector

Free fall ride

Electric slime

Pressure fountain

See more on physics.org