The future for nanoscience and nanotechnology

In the past millennium, we have learnt to make machines on ever smaller scales, progressing from the delicate clockwork, say, of a fine wristwatch to the complex microstructure of the latest electronic chip.

The future for nanoscience and nanotechnology

In the past 25 years, new methods of probing and controlling the physical shape and chemical behaviour of matter right down to the molecular and atomic level have become available. The result is that physicists, chemists, biologists and technologists are all working together to create materials and devices with a structural and functional complexity on the scale of a billionth of a metre, or nanometre. This is the burgeoning field of nanoscience and nanotechnology.