1966 The Surveyor 1 spacecraft is launched. It will later become the first to land on an extraterrestrial body when it touches down on the Moon
- 1423 Birth of Georg von Peuerbach, one of the first Western observational astronomers
- 1908 Birth of Hannes Alfvén, who won the 1970 Nobel Prize for his work on magnetohydrodynamics and after whom Alfvén waves are names
- 1934 Birth of cosmonaut Alexey Leonov, the first person to perform a spacewalk, in March 1965
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