The Young medal and prize
This award was originally "The Thomas Young Oration" of the Optical Society, instituted in 1907; it was to be 'on an optical subject'.
After the Optical Society was amalgamated with The Physical Society of London in 1932 to become The Physical Society, the Council of the latter society appointed the orator. The Council of the amalgamated Institute of Physics and The Physical Society in 1961 changed the award to a medal and prize.
Thomas Young was a British physicist who established the wave theory of light, demonstrated through a number of experiments. He was a respected physician and Egyptologist.
The award is now made biennially, in odd dated years.
The award shall be made for distinguished research in optics, including work related to physics outside the visible region. The medal will be bronze and will be accompanied by a prize of £1000 and a certificate.