Isaac Newton medal of the Institute of Physics.
Professor Martin Rees, Lord Rees of Ludlow
Institute of Astronomy, Cambridge University
For his outstanding contributions to relativistic astrophysics and cosmology.
Professor Leo P. Kadanoff
University of Chicago
For inventing conceptual tools that reveal the deep implications of scale invariance on the behavior of phase transitions and dynamical systems.
Professor Edward Witten
Institute for Advanced Studies
For his many profound contributions that have transformed areas of particle theory, quantum field theory and general relativity.
Professor Alan H Guth
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
For his invention of the inflationary universe model, his recognition that inflation would solve major problems confronting then-standard cosmology, and his calculation, with others, of the spectrum of density fluctuations that gave rise to structure in the universe.
Prof Dr Anton Zeilinger
University of Vienna
For his pioneering conceptual and experimental contributions to the foundations of quantum physics, which have become the cornerstone for the rapidly-evolving field of quantum information.